Cultivation of Melia dubia ( Tamil: Malai Vembu )



Name of the Tree : Melia dubia ( Tamil: Malai Vembu )



EARN MILLIONS WITH MELIA DUBIA..........


Melia Dubia is the fastest growing tree and the wood from this tree is used in Plywood Industry. 400 trees can be planted in an acre that fetch 15-20 lakhs in 6 - 7years.

MELIA DUBIA cav.
Synonym: Melia composita willd. Family: Miliaceae.

A large tree, attaining a height of 20 m. with a spreading crown and a cylindrical straight bole of 9 m. length X 1.2-1.5 m. girth found in Sikkim Himalayas, North Bengal. Upper Assam, Khasi Hills, hills of Orissa, N.Circas, Deccan and Western Ghats at altitudes of 1500 – 1800 m.
It grows rapidly and is used for reforestation purposes. (Troup, I 186: Burkill, II 1443: Bor, 253) and yields a useful timber.

SITE FACTORS

In its natural habitat the absolute maximum shade temperature varies from 37.5–47.5 C and the absolute minimum from 0–15 C. It does well in moist regions, with a mean annual rainfall exceeding 1000 mm. The mean relative humidity in July varies from 70–90% and in January from 50–80 %.

TOPOGRAPHY

It is commonly found in the hills at elevations ranging from 600 – 1800m.

CULTIVATION

The rooted saplings are planted onset of the monsoon or during the monsoon.
The suggested pit size is 2’ x 2’- 0.60m Cube.
Espacement of 3.5 m x 3.5 m is recommended. This will give better girth in shorter duration.

GROWTH STATISTICS

The growth is rapid. GAMBLES’s specimens gave 8 – 12 rings/dm of radius (mean annual girth increment 5.3 – 8 cm) for a Tamil Nadu specimen, and 28 rings/dm (mean annual girth increment 2.3 cm) for a specimen from Bengal. North Kanara in Karnataka specimen showed 12-16 rings/dm of radius (TALBOT, 1909) giving a mean annual girth increment of 4 –5.3 cm. Trees grown in the Calcutta Botanical gardens from specimen from Malbar origin are said to have reached in 7 years an average height of 14m and a girth of 112 cm at breast height. This rate of growth is equivalent to 4 rings/ dm of radius. Even in comparatively dry regions with a rainfall of 750 – 1000 mm, a height of 3 – 4.5 m is obtained in plantations, against 6-7.5 m in more favourable locations.

UTILISATION

Physical and Mechanical Properties of the Wood

The sapwood is grayish-white, usually with a yellowish cast; the ‘ heartwood ’ is light pink to light red when first exposed, ageing to pale russet brown, subject to grey stain. It is lustrous and without characteristic odour or taste.
It is very light (sp.gr., approximately 0.34, weight at 12 5 moisture content about 336 kg/m3), straight-grained, coarse and somewhat uneven-textured. Annual growth rings are distinct but not conspicuous and number 12-16 / dm of radius.

Seasoning and Preservation behavior

The timber seasons well if the logs are converted in a green state, though if left long in the log, it is liable to develop end splitting and decoration. Like many other meliaceous timbers, it contracts very considerably across the grain while drying out. The best method of dealing with the timber is to convert the logs as soon after felling as possible and to open stack the sawn material, preferably undercover to avoid grey stain.

Present day uses

The wood is used for packing cases, cigar boxes, ceiling planks, building purposes, agricultural implements, pencils, math boxes, splints and kattamarans. In Srilanka, it is employed for outriggers of boats. It is suitable for musical instruments, tea boxes and the most importantly in making plywood, as the wood is anti-termite by itself.

The details of quality & technical specifications are as follows.

1) The logs had very high moisture contents and were green.
2) All logs were round and good for peeling. Roundness seems to be inherent quality of this tree.
3) Logs peel easily.
4) Outturn is excellent – 70% & better in fresh cut logs.
5) Veneer strong and firm.
6) Two small logs were peeled for faces. Quality obtained was acceptable.
7) M.R.Grade Plywood pressed with these veneers and in combination with other veneers gave excellent results.

(Pearson & Brown, I 243; Macmillan, 96, 213; Cameran, 64; Trotter, 1944, 217; Rama Rao, 73; Indian For., 1948, 74, 279)
Sudhir e-mail; sudhir vpai@yahoo.com

குறிச்சொற்கள்:

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40 comments -இந்த பதிவிற்கு..

  1. Anonymous

    sir
    please let me know the price of trees bought after fiver years of growth.

    Can i know the buyers of this and id there any agency private or public in selling this?

    where can i get the seedlings in kanchipuram and Trivellore dt.

    Mail me the info to daninsohar@gmail.com

    thanks

  2. Anonymous

    sir,

    please let me know the price of trees bought after five or six years of growth.

    Can i know the buyers of this tree and contact address. I am located near Namakkal district.

    Please mail the details to my ID suresh.rathinam@gmail.com

    Thanks,
    Suresh

  3. This Timber Product will be purchased by Ply Wood Industries.There is ban in taking Wood from Forests to maintain Ecological balance.The Plywood Industries are bound to depend upon the Private social Forestry farming Timber. It is a substitute for Teak Wood Timber Users like House Construction Field..

  4. Anonymous

    Where can i get the seeds or saplings and what is the cost of the same as i want to cultivate in my native place near sholinghur in tamil nadu.

  5. Please contact treesprouts@gmail.com for quality seedlings of Melia dubia on buy back policy.

  6. Anonymous

    I understand that coconut and dubia plants can have mixed plantation. Can I grow ground nuts as mixed crop during the khariff season.
    Vasudevan

  7. Anonymous

    please send the place where i get the seedlings near to me i am near nagapatinam dt plese the send the clear addrs of that private or govt nursery to my email:thiaguforever@rediffmail.com cont:09788997914

  8. pls give me where i can get seedling for malai vembu for plantation i am in sivakasi
    my mail id is rajeshbose@gmail.com

  9. We have good quality seed germinated melia dubia saplings with us in Mysore-karnataka state. our contact number is 9880589787 or mail to venkateursarun@yahoo.com
    We have also planted melia dubia in our farm.
    regards
    venkat
    9880589787

  10. We have good quality seed germinated melia dubia saplings with us in Mysore-karnataka state. our contact number is 9880589787 or mail to venkateursarun@yahoo.com
    We have also planted melia dubia in our farm.
    regards
    venkat
    9880589787

  11. Anonymous

    PLEASE MAIL ME WHERE I CAN GET THE PLANTING MATERIAL AND THE COST DETAILS. SEND ME INFORMATION AT anshuramradha@gmail.com

  12. i am Dr. Ravi Sastry available to planting of melia dubia and manage the plantation and marketing of the same at proper time. I am available at Mysore
    my ph no 9481533888, 9901749552

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  16. Anonymous

    Is it suited for growing in North near NCR, India or New Delhi ?

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